Vaccinations stimulate your pet’s immune system to fight diseases caused by viruses and bacteria. Chisholm Trail Veterinary Clinic’s veterinarians understand that over-vaccinating your dog or cat may pose problems over your pet’s lifetime. However, the vaccinations we recommend are essential for your pet’s health for our area. It’s easier, and more cost effective, to prevent diseases like kennel cough and parvovirus by vaccinating than to treat your pet if he or she contracts the disease. Our veterinarians take into consideration factors like exposure risk and your pet’s age and vaccination history to tailor a vaccination plan to suit your pet.
Puppies and kittens require several sets of vaccinations to provide optimal immunity. Nursing animals ingest maternal antibodies from their mother’s milk that neutralize a response to vaccinations. However, maternal antibodies gradually decrease over the first three to four months of life, allowing puppies an kittens to build their own response by vaccination. Our veterinarians discuss these protocols with you to provide the best immunity for your new puppy or kitten.
The following vaccinations are considered of utmost importance to your pet’s health. Many diseases described can be easily prevented with vaccination. If you have any questions regarding vaccination and prevention of disease, please contact our staff at Chisholm Trail Veterinary Clinic.
Essential Canine Vaccinations
Rabies – Texas state law mandates that pets be vaccinated against rabies because the vaccination is very effective and the rabies virus is fatal to pets and people. There is no cure for rabies. Our veterinarians determine whether your pet needs to be vaccinated for rabies ever year or every three years.
Parvovirus – An often fatal gastrointestinal disease of dogs, parvovirus is perhaps one of the most devastating viral diseases. Symptoms include bloody diarrhea, vomiting, lethargy, and dehydration. Puppies are most often affected.
Distemper Virus – Canine distemper is a contagious, often fatal, multisystemic viral disease that affects the respiratory, gastrointestinal, and central nervous systems.
Adenovirus – Infectious canine hepatitis is a liver infection cause by a virus that is spread in the feces, urine, blood, saliva, and nasal discharge of infected dogs.
Leptospirosis – Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease that can affect many species of animals, including livestock, wildlife, and pets. The bacteria are passed in the urine of infected animals and contaminate water sources.
Canine Respiratory Disease Complex (Kennel Cough) – Similar to whooping cough in people, kennel cough could lead to pneumonia and death. The disease is aerosolized so it can be found anywhere, even if your pet doesn’t go to the kennel.
Essential Feline Vaccinations
Rabies – Texas state law mandates that pets be vaccinated against rabies because the vaccination is very effective and the rabies virus is fatal to pets and people. There is no cure for rabies. Our veterinarians determine whether your cat needs to be vaccinated for rabies ever year or every three years.
Calicivirus, Herpesvirus, Viruses Causing Rhinotracheitis – These viruses can affect cats of any age, but kittens are most susceptible. The viruses are spread through contact with nasal and ocular secretions.
Panleukopenia – Also known as feline distemper, it is a disease of the gastrointestinal tract similar to parvovirus in dogs and highly contagious.
Leukemia – Feline leukemia infects cats through oral or nasal secretions when touching noses or sharing food or water. The virus infects cells of the immune system and eventually the bone marrow.
Rattlesnake Vaccine – Caldwell County has its share of rattlesnakes; in fact, the veterinarians and staff at Chisholm Trail Veterinary Clinic see hundreds of snake bites each year. This vaccination increases survival rates and lessens the recovery time if your dog is bitten. However, if your dog is bitten, he or she needs to be treated by one of our veterinarians as soon as possible.
Zoonosis is any infectious disease that can be transmitted between animals and humans. Some examples of zoonotic diseases include:
Scabies – Mange mites that infect the skin
Ringworm – Fungal skin infection
Hookworms – Cutaneous larval migrans
Roundworms – Visceral larval migrans
Leptospirosis – Bacterial infection of the kidneys
Giardia – Infection that causes gastrointestinal disease
Fleas – Parasites that can transmit diseases like plague
Ticks – Parasites that can transmit diseases like Lyme disease
Many of these diseases can be controlled by administering monthly parasite prevention to your pet to control external parasites (fleas, ticks, etc.) and internal parasites (intestinal worms, heartworms, etc.). There are also vaccinations for some of these diseases, like leptospirosis.