Three big reasons your cat should see the vet
There are tons of stereotypes about cats versus dogs – dogs need lots of attention, cats prefer to be left alone. Dogs need to be exercised, cats nap 23 hours a day. Dogs need to go to the vet 4 times a year, cats never need to go.
While some of the stereotypes are funny (and somewhat true), others are incorrect and can lead to poor pet parenting. According to the American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA), a study conducted by Bayer and the American Association of Feline Practitioners found that:
- 52 percent of cat owners avoid regular vet visits
- Half as many cats receive annual exams as dogs and that:
- 81 percent thought their cat was in excellent health
- 53 percent said their cat had never been sick or injured
- 63 percent of cats in cat-only households never go outside, and their owners assume they are not susceptible to disease
That doesn’t mean cat owners love their pets less than dog owners. Rather, the majority (81 percent) of cat owners tend to think cats, especially indoor cats, are self-sufficient, and don’t require as much medical attention as dogs. This line of thinking, combined with a cat’s instinct to rarely show signs of illness before their condition becomes dire, has led to the low numbers of cats at the vet’s office.
Here are three reasons your kitty needs to be visiting the vet on a regular basis:
1. Cats hide their symptoms.
In some ways, the idea that cats are independent and self-sufficient is not without reason – cats tend to hide any signs of illness.
“Cats are really good at hiding the fact that they’re sick,” says Kathryn Smith, a former veterinary technician, veterinary hospital administrator, and practice manager. “I used to see so many cat owners who said, ‘Oh he was fine until just this week,’ when really the cat had been sick for a long time. They just didn’t realize the cat wasn’t well.”
Some symptoms are so gradual you may not realize something is wrong. An annual exam helps your cat’s veterinarian catch potentially deadly diseases before they become out of control. Your veterinarian might pick up a heart murmur that allows you to manage heart disease or small kidneys that may be a sign of chronic kidney disease.
What happens at an annual wellness exam? The exam includes a dental evaluation, a cardiac and respiratory auscultation, a check for small or enlarged organs, a joint check, a behavioral exam, a heartworm test, and a weight check.
An annual exam helps you track discrepancies in your cat’s health. For instance, because weight loss or gain is gradual, a cat’s weight can change drastically before you notice if you aren’t making a regular note of the cat’s weight.
“On average, cats weigh about 10 pounds,” Smith said. “So if a cat loses a pound, that’s a tenth of its body weight, but it might not look like much. The heavier the cat is to begin with, the harder it is to notice a weight fluctuation, unless you’re tracking your cat’s weight regularly.”
2. Cats need preventive medications.
Even indoor-only cats get heartworms. All it takes is one bite from an infected mosquito that sneaks in through an open door or damaged screen to infect your cat. Signs of heartworm disease in cats are either very subtle or very dramatic, according to the American Heartworm Society.
“Cats don’t exhibit many symptoms of heartworms, and one of the symptoms is sudden death,” Smith said. Asthma-like symptoms may also be feline heartworm disease. It’s vital to get your cat tested for heartworms, and to administer heartworm prevention monthly. Otherwise, you’re just leveraging the odds, hoping nothing bad happens. Cats need flea and tick prevention, too, if any pet in the house goes outside.
Cats are also susceptible to other diseases, even if they never go outside. Your cat should be vaccinated against rabies as required by law. Additionally, if your cat ever makes it past your door, even briefly, or you have outdoor cats, your cat should also be vaccinated against feline distemper and upper respiratory vaccines. Outdoor cats should be tested for, and vaccinated against, the feline leukemia virus.
3. Cats should always be microchipped.
Even indoor-only cats need to be microchipped. In fact, Smith said, indoor cats in particular should be microchipped.
“If an indoor cat gets outside, it has no street smarts,” Smith said. “An indoor cat will go up to people because it knows people provide food, and if the cat isn’t microchipped and isn’t wearing a collar or tags – a lot of people don’t put tags on their indoor cats – then the chances of your cat returning home are slim.”
Of course, if you have an indoor/outdoor cat, microchipping is equally as important, as your cat regularly has opportunity to leave your yard.
Cat owners, it’s time to learn more about what’s going on with your fur baby. The best way to do that is with regular vet visits, but you should also keep tabs on your tabby yourself – is he eating normally? Has he lost or gained any weight? Is he acting lethargic or neglecting to groom himself?
Any out of the ordinary behavior is worth a vet visit, and even if your cat’s behavior seems perfectly ordinary, don’t put off a visit to the vet – it could save your cat’s life. To make an appointment for your cat, call us at 512-620-0111 or contact us online. You can see all of our services for kitten (and puppy) care here, or our vaccinations for adult pets here. We also provide senior pet care – we have your kitty’s needs covered from birth through senior years.